雅思阅读复习的解题技巧

你的雅思阅读复习好了吗?阅读解题技巧为你锦上添花这篇文章在雅思阅读备考的冲刺阶段或者说后半段,可以作为一个思路上的提升来看。下面小编就和大家分享雅思阅读复习解题技巧,来欣赏一下吧。

雅思阅读复习解题技巧

在雅思培训中,老师基本上讲的都是做题技巧,而阅读技能本身讲的很少。因为讲做题技巧最有针对性,学生来听课的主要目的也是希望知道怎么做题,讲阅读技能本身就是吃力不讨好的工作。因此大部分老师都在分析总结各种题型的解题特点,解题规律等。但多年的教学经验告诉我,有些题目是不能纯粹靠做题技巧来解决的,必须结合一定的阅读技能才能顺利解出。否则,很多做题技巧就难免有牵强附会之嫌。而且,雅思阅读题型有10种之多,这么多纷繁复杂的题型似乎又各自有着自己的一些解题技巧和解题步骤,在考试时一篇文章后面往往会有几种题型,而考生需要记清不同的解题方法会显得力不从心,手忙脚乱。而其实从雅思阅读的出题思路来看,不同的题型测试的技能确实有些不同,但很多时候是重叠的,过于强调题型本身的差异而忽略这些题型背后测试的阅读技能只会导致学生机械地使用一些解题步骤和所谓的技巧,而忽略在解题背后测试的阅读技能。

我们举几道例题来说明其实很多不同的题型背后测试的阅读技能其实是一样的。

剑三Test 3 Question 7-12

这道题是一道Matching题,要考生去Match each exhibit with the collection types。而题目要求里面告诉我们题干中的each exhibit是选项中的collection types的具体例子(examples)。扫描题干和选项之后应该知道定位词应该是题干,因为题干中含有一些大写的装有名词,例如:Bolivian, Indian, Arctic 等。带着这些词回去定位,可以迅速找到是在文章的第三段当中。这个时候我们需要清楚地知道我们找到的这些exhibit是具体的例子,需要找到的是这些exhibit属于哪些collection types。也就是说这道题目是想测试我们通过例子找到其对应的主题。我们必须知道在雅思学术性阅读文章中,一般作者都会先说主题,再举具体的例子来支持这个主题,并往往会在主题和例子之间使用一些举例的连接词,例如for example, for instance, such as, like等等。了解这个阅读技能就能让我们在找到Bolivian textile这个例子的时候迅速往前扫读,关注一些举例连接词前面的某个词,往往主题也就是答案就在这个举例连接词的前面。果然,我们很快就可以在Bolivian textile这个词前面找到一个for instance,而且for instance前面有个破折号,破折号一般是作者用来表示展开说明作用的,所以破折号前面的那个名词短语technical series应该就是我们要搜寻的答案,迅速的扫描选项中果然有这个短语,那么这道题的答案就是technical series的首字母缩写TS。其他的题以此类推。

再如剑五Test 1 Question 33

这是一道选择题,题干是 The writer quotes from the Worldwide Fund for Nature to illustrate how

A influential the mass media can be

B effective environmental groups can be

C the mass media can help groups raise funds

D environmental groups can exaggerate their claims

定位词肯定是大写的Worldwide Fund for Nature。根据这个定位词我们很快可以定位到是在文章的第五段当中的这句话:In 1997, for example, the Worldwide Fund for Nature issued a press release entitled: “Two thirds of the world’s forests lost forever.” The truth turns out to be nearer 20%。这道题是问作者引用了Worldwide Fund for Nature的话是为了illustrate(举例说明)什么。也就是说出题人的考察目的是希望我们能在原文中读出作者使用这个quote是为了说明什么观点。我们定位到的这句话是这个quote本身,quote其实也就是例证,一样都是为了说明作者的某个观点。原文这句话中的for example这个举例连接词就清晰地告诉了我们这个例子是为了说明前面一个观点。所以原文中的for example 前面的句子应该就是这道题的答案,往前一扫发现这么一句话:Understandably, perhaps, they sometimes overstate their arguments。再和选项匹配一下,我们就能发现这句话就是D选项的一个同义转述:they就是上文中提到的environmental groups,overstate就是题干中exaggerate的替换,而arguments就是题干中的claims。因此答案为D。

再如剑六TEST 1 Question 23

Modern cargo-handling methods have had a significant effect on _____ as the business of moving freight around the world becomes increasingly streamlined. Manufacturers of computers, for instance, are able to import…

这道summary题第一个空格很多同学都填不出来。因为题目要求中没有告诉我们是哪几段话的summary,含有空格的这句话中也没有一个特别具体独特的定位词,因此定位特别难。由于这句话其实是文章前面好几段话的一个总结,所以要填出这个空格里面的名词(也就是cargo-handling methods 影响的东西)确实比较困难,因此从这句话定位似乎不大可行。但是,只要同学们留意summary的第二句话,就发现第二句话其实是第一句话的一个例证,而且出题人为了让这两句话关系鲜明,他特意在这两句话之间加了一个for instance。那么我们就可以从第二句话入手进行定位,如果我们能根据manufacturers of computers这个定位词在文章中找到相关的一句话,然后再根据例子是为了说明之前提到过的主题这个阅读技能往前扫读去搜寻答案。很快我们就可以根据manufacturers of computers这个定位词定位到E段。因为E段主要是在说电脑制造的。而E段的第一句话就是:To see how this influences trade, consider the business of making disk drives for computers。读到这两句话的时候,问问自己这两句话之间的关系是什么?其实就是主题+例子的关系,consider这样的词也是典型的主题和具体例子之间的连接词。那么答案自然就是前面的trade,因为题干中的have had a significant effect on 就等于原文中的influences,modern cargo-handling methods就是原文中的this指代关系。

综上所述,这三种题型分别是配对题、选择题和填空题,虽然题型不一样,但这些不同题型背后都在测试同一个阅读技能,那就是读出主题和例子之间的关系。雅思的文章是学术性文章,所以作者一般先说主题,再举例子说明这个主题。各种例子(包括数据,引言等)都是为了说明这个主题,而且例子和主题之间往往会有for example, for instance,consider这样的连接词来表明这种关系。出题人其实就是希望我们能够看出这一点,不管是通过例子找主题,还是通过主题找例子。

雅思阅读材料:90后的基本特征

"After 90" of the statement

There are many similarities between people and machines, for example, the machine is a human production, who also; new machines easy to use labor saving, high efficiency, who is also the prime working fast. Product instructions before they look, according to the above instructions, all satisfactory. No manual blind crunching, it is estimated most people had to play smashed. After 90 you have in your house is not playing does not change the estimated 90 after the majority of parents have the same feeling: today's children how can you do it. No doubt, to see if he (she) had the instructions right.

1. Acquaintance before go on, before the silent stranger.

2. In order not to stay up late, as on the night.

3. There must be a hobby is sleeping.

4. Do not ask questions, just check [gm88nd] and Baidu.

5. Never think that other people can not understand ourselves.

6. Keen to study astrology fortune.

7. Of all things curious, in addition to textbooks and exercise books.

8. A soft spot on the animation, especially Japanese and Korean animation.

9. Texting speed and BMW Z4 You Yipin.

10. Sat down to the bottom front of the computer can smoke.

11. Like the personal well-developed plan, then does not perform.

12. Hate their parents to compare yourself to others.

13. Been raving out in front.

14. Regular breakfast, lunch and eat together.

15. Can not guarantee that brushing teeth twice a day.

16. Will use Martian.

17. Passing through a mirror reflection of the place, will look at his face.

18.'ll Never know where your money went to.

19. 51, 11 will not travel.

20. Casual. (Think anything can, everything okay, as long as convenient and simple, where there is so much time to waste?)

21.R & R, R & B, Hip_Hop, at least like one.

22. Can spell every word but not necessarily written.

23. Few phone calls, often with short hair. (Note: The hair is short, refers to text messaging. 90 after the words are green and conserve resources.)

24. Never satisfied with their hair.

25. After 80 disdain.

26. Like QQ do not like MSN.

27. Two minutes often this arrangement: the worship of one minute before, after a minute into defiance.

28. Always wanted to try new products ads.

29. Most of the fan Jay, this class refused to read the word rain. (Note: Rain, Korean Yoshio).

After reading this description, you have a re-post of 90 know about it? Strange behavior of their energy to understand it.

雅思阅读材料:穷人更容易发胖?

The South tips the scales again as the nation's fattest region, according to a new government survey.

More than 30 percent of adults in Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee are considered obese. In part, experts blame Southern eating habits, poverty and demographic groups that have higher obesity rates.

Colorado was the least obese, with about 19 percent fitting that category in a random telephone survey done last year by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The 2007 findings are similar to results from the same survey the three previous years. Mississippi has had the highest obesity rate every year since 2004. But Alabama, Tennessee, West Virginia and Louisiana have also clustered near the top of the list.

The South has had high death rates from heart disease and stroke, health risks that have been linked to obesity, some experts noted.

The CDC study only surveyed adults, but results for kids are similar, said Dr. Miriam Vos, assistant professor of pediatrics at Atlanta's Emory School of Medicine.

"Most of the studies of obesity and children show the South has the highest rates as well," Vos said.

Why is the South so heavy? The traditional Southern diet — high in fat and fried food — may be part of the answer, said Dr. William Dietz, who heads CDC's nutrition, physical activity and obesity division.

The South also has a large concentration of rural residents and black women — two groups that tend to have higher obesity rates, he said.

The study found that about 36 percent of black survey participants were obese, while 28.5 percent of Hispanics and 24.5 percent of whites were.

High poverty rates in the South probably are another factor, said Naa Oyo Kwate, assistant professor of sociomedical sciences at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

In today's America, poor people tend to be obese: The cheapest foods tend to be calorie-heavy, and stores offering healthier, and more expensive, food choices are not often found in poor neighborhoods, she said.

And why is Colorado so thin? It's a state with a reputation for exercise.





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