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2013?高考英语增分锦囊

13 高考英语增分锦囊--- 单项填空满分绝窍

作者:佚名  文章来源:天利网  更新时间:2013/4/27 13:31:26

【绝窍1】 读懂题干关系

【典例1】The principles about applying for jobs have altered greatly lately. In the past, people preferred a hand-written application letter. _____ , nowadays it is becoming more and more common to apply for a job through the Internet.

【错因】根据句子意思可知,很多考生都可以推断出此处表示转折,所以误填了But。

【答案】 However

【解析】 从逻辑关系来看,应是表示转折,但有考虑到转折词的具体用法,该句中有逗号与主要句子逗开,只能填However。

【典例2】He had a mate and she was dying on the ground. Sitting close beside her, he opened and closed _____ wings as if to fan her.

【错因】很多考生忽视了空格处与句子主语的关系,所以误填了the。

【答案】 his

【解析】 考生在做题时要注意句子的整体性,注意句子的前后联系,使用符合英语表达习惯的的词来完成空格。此处的主语为he,所以空格处使用his,表示“他的”。代词的人称与数应与它替代的名词或代词保持一致。the表示特指或指上文提到的人或事物。

例:I bought some books. Do you like the books?

【归纳】常用语篇连词和短语有first, second, what’s more, in addition, apart from this, last but not least, however, but, although, though, despite the fact that, because, as, since, now that, therefore, thus, so, not only…but also…, as well as, in a world, in short, to sum up等。

【绝窍2】正视语法结构

【典例1】Despite her obvious pride, Ms. Fathi, a 22-year-old from Egypt, was amazed to find herself ___(train) to be a flight attendant at Etihad Academy of the United Arab Emirates.

【错因】不少考生在空白处误填training,认为宾语和train之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。

【答案】being trained

【解析】根据结构判断,空格处及其后面的部分应是对前面的宾语的补充说明,作语补足语,而且train和宾语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系。

【典例2】Today Hericher heads up a profitable multimillion dollar company, ___ (work)on species from all over the world and selling them to wholesalers.

【错因】不少考生误填works,认为works在此作谓语。

【答案】working

【解析】and selling them to wholesalers中看出与上文是并列的,现在分词作伴随状语,故用working。

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